KUKILA http://kukila.org/index.php/KKL <p><strong>Kukila Volume 22 has arrived!</strong></p> <p class="Default">The first instalment of Volume 22 has been published, with two exciting full length articles. The first concerns the distribution of introduced mynas around Kuching, Sarawak, in Malaysian Borneo. Nurul Razak and colleagues found that the Common Myna was widely distributed in Kuching and suburbs of nearby Kota Samarahan, whereas the Javan Myna was confined to metropolitan Kuching. Though these invasive species are not yet considered pests in Sarawak, as they are in Singapore, the authors argue that their populations should be monitored, and recommend actions to reduce their food supply, of which human refuse is prominent.</p> <p class="Default">The second article reports on new and significant bird records from the island of Bintan, the largest in the Riau Archipelago, just south of Singapore. Chan and Chan (2019) conducted surveys around the resorts and golf courses in the island’s north, and recorded eight new species for the island, bringing its total known avifauna up to 189 species. All of the newly-recorded species are widespread Asian birds, and it is concerning that no woodpeckers were detected. The authors recommended that Bintan Resorts and local government agencies be more proactive in restoring forest habitat, in order to properly fulfil Bintan’s ambition to be an “eco-island”. &nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>If you have an article you would like to see published in Volume 22, please submit it as soon as possible.</p> <p>***</p> <p>To view the latest issue - Volume 22 - click on 'current' from the menu above, or simply click <a href="/index.php/KKL/issue/current" target="_self">here</a></p> <p>To view the archive of previous issues, click on 'archive' from the menu above or click <a href="/index.php/KKL/issue/archive" target="_self">here</a></p> <p>All submissions to Kukila will also now be managed online. If you are interested to submit an article, click <a href="/index.php/KKL/about" target="_self">here</a> for more details.</p> <p>To view all the content available on this site you must register first. This is quick, free, and will allow us to send you the contents page of each new issue as it is published. Use the <a href="/index.php/KKL/user/register">Register</a> link at the top of the home page and also see our <a href="/index.php/KKL/about/submissions#privacyStatement">Privacy Statement</a> for assurance that readers' names and email addresses will not be used for other purposes.</p> <p>Any questions or comments, please send us an email <a href="mailto:editor@kukila.org">editor@kukila.org</a>.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> en-US KUKILA 0216-9223 Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:<br /> <ol type="a"><br /><li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li><br /><li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li><br /><li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li></ol> First records of Little Stint <em>Calidris minuta</em> in Indonesia http://kukila.org/index.php/KKL/article/view/601 Details are presented of the first two Indonesian records of the Little Stint <em>Calidris minuta</em>, discovered during shorebird surveys on the north coast of Aceh Province, Sumatra, between 18 October 2019 and 30 January 2020. As the species has already been recorded multiple times in most of the surrounding countries it is assumed that it had hitherto been overlooked in Indonesia. As further records from other parts of Indonesia can be expected, we summarise key features for distinguishing the species from the very similar Red-necked Stint <em>Calidris ruficollis</em>, with which it often associates. Yann Muzika Ding Li Yong Sayam U Chowdhury Chairunas Adha Putra Copyright (c) 2020-09-22 2020-09-22 23 1 5 Improving the perception of Christmas Island Frigatebirds by local fishermen on Pulau Untung Jawa, Jakarta, using the <em>Penyuluhan</em> method http://kukila.org/index.php/KKL/article/view/568 Human-wildlife conflict is a major threat to many declining wildlife species worldwide.<strong> </strong>The roosting population of the endangered Christmas Island Frigatebird at Pulau Rambut, Teluk Jakarta, is prone to entanglement in fishing lines and nets used by local fishermen for catching fish. We &nbsp;conducted interviews with local fishermen during May-July 2018 in order to quantify their perception of the frigatebird. Subsequently we conducted an educational program about frigatebirds by means of <em>penyuluhan</em>, an Indonesian style, culturally-sensitive, informal discussion technique. There was significantly greater positive perception of Frigatebirds in the group attending a series of informative <em>penyuluhan</em> meetings compared to the control group. As Indonesia has a strong oral tradition, we believe that this method offers potential benefits as a tool to improve conservation outcomes for threatened species. Agung Sedayu Ani Mariani Mieke Miarsyah Copyright (c) 2020-09-24 2020-09-24 23 6 13 Rück’s Blue-flycatcher <em>Cyornis ruckii</em>: the evidence revisited http://kukila.org/index.php/KKL/article/view/618 Photographs and measurements of all four known specimens of <em>Cyornis ruckii</em> are provided. One of the two adult males has the underparts entirely blue, the other has the lower belly and vent greyish-white; a widely available illustration shows far too much white on the underparts. Contrary to speculation, the specimens are not aberrant Pale Blue Flycatchers <em>C. unicolor</em>. Review of early texts reveals that no locality was ever given for the first two specimens and that the second two, from near Medan, Sumatra, were almost certainly taken in primary forest, not exploited forest as currently stated. Searches should target primary lowland forest in northern Sumatra. Nigel Collar Copyright (c) 2020-12-28 2020-12-28 23 14 18 Mystery flycatchers in Sumatra - Rück's Blue-flycatcher or White-tailed Flycatcher? http://kukila.org/index.php/KKL/article/view/613 <span lang="NL">Observations, photographs and a sound-recording taken in Jambi, Sumatra, in 2013 and 2014 refer to a pair of unidentified flycatchers with certain characters that match some features of R&uuml;ck's Blue-flycatcher <em>Cyornis ruckii</em>. However, a review of alternative possibilities cannot exclude and indeed tends to favour White-tailed Flycatcher <em>C. concretus</em>, given that (i) the white breast-patch of the female and white tail-markings of the male can remain hidden, (ii) the female can be strikingly rufous in some light or some individuals, and (iii) the white belly patch seems to exclude <em>ruckii</em>. The sound recording has no match in sound archives and the song recorded might have involved infrequently heard phrases used in courtship. Nevertheless, new searches of the undisclosed site are planned, and new searches in any remaining tracts of primary lowland forest on Sumatra are urged.</span> Zulqarnain Assiddiqi Sebastianus van Balen Nigel J. Collar Copyright (c) 2020-12-28 2020-12-28 23 19 26 Territorial song in the Oriental Magpie-Robin <em>Copsychus saularis</em> in suburban areas of Kota Samarahan, Sarawak http://kukila.org/index.php/KKL/article/view/594 Despite its reputation for unique and melodious vocalisations, the Oriental Magpie-Robin <em>Copsychus saularis</em> remains remarkably under-studied in Borneo. We undertook an examination of the territorial song of this species at the Universiti Malaysia Sarawak campus and Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, to learn more about its structure, repertoire size and physical characteristics. Throughout the breeding season, males started to sing intensely usually half an hour before sunrise until 09:00 or 10:00 hrs. Fifty minutes of song were collected from each of five colour-ringed breeding males<strong>. </strong>From the<strong> </strong>total of 2,198 phrases, 112 different phrase types were identified. Spectrograms revealed that most singing episodes consist of a repeated phrase, many of which vary by including dissimilar syllables. We confirmed that the purpose of males singing was to secure and maintain their territories, as males aggressively responded to playback near their nesting sites by increasing their singing rates. The female&rsquo;s song seems to initiate male territorial singing during the entire breeding season. Zahran Mansor Dency Flenny Augustine Gawin Copyright (c) 2021-01-30 2021-01-30 23 37 47 First description of the eggs of the Sumatran Partridge <em>Arborophila sumatrana</em> http://kukila.org/index.php/KKL/article/view/607 The breeding biology of forest partridges (genus <em>Arborophila</em>)<em> </em>is poorly understood, with nest and eggs described for just over half of all 20 recognised species. Herein we provide the first formal description of the eggs of the endemic Sumatran Partridge, based on a single preserved clutch in the<em> </em>Naturalis Biodiversity Centre, Leiden. Information about clutch size, egg characteristics and breeding phenology for the Sumatran Partridge is consistent with the published data available for other members of the super-species from South-East Asia. Vladislav Marcuk Sebastian van Balen Donovan de Boer Richard Noske Copyright (c) 2021-01-17 2021-01-17 23 27 31 The status of Fairy Pitta in Indonesia with new records from Java and Riau Islands http://kukila.org/index.php/KKL/article/view/605 The<strong> </strong>Fairy Pitta <em>Pitta nympha </em>is an uncommon migrant known to visit Borneo during the non-breeding season. However, within Indonesia there are no published records of this species outside Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo). We encountered single immature Fairy Pittas at Anambas island (Riau islands, Sumatra) in October 2019, and in Bogor and Jakarta (Java) in November 2019, suggesting an influx of young birds migrating beyond their normal wintering grounds. Syahras Fahin Aminuddin Alexander Kurniawan Sariyanto Putera Naila Zackeisha Taufan Nurzaman Sulaeman Arfah Nasution Copyright (c) 2021-01-30 2021-01-30 23 32 36