The waterbirds of Pulau Rambut, Java

  • Frank Lambert
  • Paul Erftemeijer
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Abstract

Pu1au Rambut, in the Seribu Archipelago, Jakarta Bay (5° 38'S, 106° 42'E)is a small (25 ha) forested coral atoll which has been a nature reserve since 1937. Its present status is a strict Nature Reserve (Cagar A1am), and it has been identified as one of the most Important waterbird breeding sites of Java (Silvius et a1. 1987). About half the Island's vegetation is tidal mangrove, dominated by Rizophora spp., but the southern part of the Island 1s covered with dryland forest with a tree canopy reaching 20 m. The south and south of the island is bordered by a narrow strip of dry beach forest dominated by Casuarina equisetifolia. A comprehensive description of the vegetation is provided by Kartawinata & Waluyo (1977: see also Figure 1).The authors, with Pandu Hartoyo from the Indonesian Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation (PHPA) visited P. Rambut between11 and 14 January 1987. During this period rough estimates were made of the numbers of waterbirds present on the island, with a brief assessment of the threats to the nesting waterbird colony. This paper is a summary of our findings and a review of literature on the waterbirds of P. Rambut.

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References

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Erftemeijer. P.L.A. a Djuharsa, E. 1988. Survey of coastal wetlands and waterbirds in the Brantas and Solo deltas. East Java (Indonesia) PHPA-Asian Wetland Bureau/INTERWADER report. Asian Wetland Bureau, Bogor,Indonesia.

Kartawinata. K. & Waluyo, E.B. 1977. A preliminary study of the mangrove forest on Pulau Rambut, Jakarta Bay. Marina Research in Indonesia18:119-129.

Milton, R. & Marhadi, A. 1984. Report on a field trip to Cagar Alam Pulau Rambut, 6-8 March 1994. Unpublished manuscript, MMF Bogor.

Silvius. M.J., Steeman, A.P.J.M., Berczy. E.T., Djuharsa, E. & Taufik, A.

W. 1987. The Indonesian Wetland Inventory. A preliminary compilation of existing information on wetlands in Indonesia.PWA/INTERWDER/EDWIN, Bogor.

Van Strien, N. 1981. Birds of Pulau Dua and Pulau Rambut. Unpub1ishedmanuscript, Schoo1 of Environmenta1 Conservation Management, Ciawi.

Wiriosoepartho, A.S. 1986. Penggunaan habitat dan keragaman jenis burungmerandai di Cagar A1am Pu1au Rambut (Habitat use and speciesdiversity of coasta1 birds in Pu1au Rambut nature reserve). Bull.Pen. Hutan (For. Res. Bull.) 486:51-60.

Wiriosoepartho, A. S., Mukhtar, A. 8. & Bismark, M. 1986. Studi habitat danpopu1asi Ka1ong Pteropus vampyrus da1am kaitannya dengankelestarian burung-burung merandai di Cagar Alam Pulau Rambut(Habitat and population study of Flying Foxes Pteropus vampyrus in relation to the conservation of coastal birds on Pulau Rambut) Bull. Pen. Hutan (For. Res. Bu11.) 479:17-27.

How to Cite
Lambert, F., & Erftemeijer, P. (1). The waterbirds of Pulau Rambut, Java. KUKILA, 4(3-4), 109-118. Retrieved from http://kukila.org/index.php/KKL/article/view/76
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